Company Law

The Companies (Amendment) Act, 2020: Certain Provisions Notified w.e.f. 22.01.2021

Introduction:

The Companies Amendment Act, 2020 is being introduced with an aim to promote greater ease of doing business by decriminalizing various non-compoundable offenses in case of defaults made under the Companies Act, 2013 and rules made thereunder.

Prior to getting the nod from the president of India, The Companies (Amendment bill, 2020) was introduced in both the houses of the Indian parliament. The Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2020 was based on the Company Law Committee which was set up under the Chairmanship of Shri Injeti Srinivas on September 18, 2019, to suggest any further amendment require in the CA 2013.

Brief Journey of The Companies Amendment Act, 2020Company amendment act

Provisions Notified w.e.f. 22nd January, 2021

Ministry of Corporate Affairs vide Gazette ID no. CG-DL-E-22012021-224637, dated 22nd January, 2021 has come out with date on which provisions of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2020 (29 of 2020) shall come into force.

In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of section 1 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2020 (29 of 2020), the Central Government hereby appoints the 22nd day of January, 2021 as the date on which the following provisions of the said Act shall come into force, namely:-

Sl. Sections Notified under Company Amendment Act, 2020 Sections Notified under Company Amendment Act, 2020
1 Section 2 Definition of Listed Company
In the Companies Act, 2013 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), in section 2, in clause (52), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:— “Provided that such class of companies, which have listed or intend to list such class of securities, as may be prescribed in consultation with the Securities and Exchange Board, shall not be considered as listed companies.”.
2 Section 11 Further Issue of Share Capital

In section 62 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), in clause (a),
in sub-clause (i), after the words “less than fifteen days”, the words “or such lesser number of days as may be prescribed” shall be inserted.

3 Clause (c) of section 18 Declaration in Respect of Beneficial Interest in any Share
In section 89 of the principal Act,—
(c) after sub-section (10), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:— “(11) The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any class or classes of persons from complying with any of the requirements of this section, except sub-section (10), if it is considered necessary to grant such
exemption in the public interest and any such exemption may be granted either unconditionally or subject to such conditions as may be specified in the notification.”.
4 Clause (ii) of section 22 Resolutions and Agreements to be Filed
In section 117 of the principal Act,—
(ii) in sub-section (3), in clause (g), for the second proviso, the following proviso shall be substituted, namely:— “Provided further that nothing contained in this clause shall apply in respect of a resolution passed to grant loans, or give guarantee or provide security in respect of loans under clause (f) of sub-section (3) of section 179 in the ordinary course of its business by,—
(a) a banking company; (b) any class of non-banking financial company registered under Chapter IIIB of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934, as may be prescribed in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India; (c) any class of housing finance company registered under the National Housing Bank Act, 1987, as may be prescribed in consultation with the National Housing Bank; and”.
5 Section 25 Periodical financial results
After section 129 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:— “129A. The Central Government may, require such class or classes of unlisted companies, as may be prescribed,— (a) to prepare the financial results of the company
on such periodical basis and in such form as may be prescribed;
(b) to obtain approval of the Board of Directors and complete audit or limited review of such periodical financial results in such
manner as may be prescribed; and (c) file a copy with the Registrar within a period of thirty days of completion of the relevant period with such fees as may be prescribed.”.
6 Section 27 Corporate Social Responsibility
In section 135 of the principal Act,—
(a) in sub-section (5), after the second proviso, the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided also that if the company spends an amount in excess of the requirements provided under this sub-section, such company may set off such excess amount against the requirement to spend under this sub-section for such number of succeeding financial years and in such manner, as may be prescribed.”; (b) for sub-section (7), the following sub-section shall be substituted, namely:—
“(7) If a company is in default in complying with the provisions of sub-section (5) or sub-section (6), the company shall be liable to a penalty of twice the amount required to be transferred by the company to the Fund specified in Schedule VII or the Unspent Corporate Social Responsibility Account, as the case may be, or one crore rupees, whichever is less, and every officer of the company who is in default shall be liable to a penalty of one-tenth of the amount required to be transferred by the company to such
Fund specified in Schedule VII, or the Unspent Corporate Social
Responsibility Account, as the case may be, or two lakh rupees, whichever is less.”; (c) after sub-section (8), the following sub-section shall be inserted, namely:—
“(9) Where the amount to be spent by a company under subsection (5) does not exceed fifty lakh rupees, the requirement under sub-section (1) for constitution of the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee shall not be applicable and the functions of such Committee provided under this section shall, in
such cases, be discharged by the Board of Directors of such
company.”.
7 Section 53 Application of Act to Foreign Companies.
In section 379 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), the proviso shall be omitted
8 Section 53 The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any class of-from any of the provisions of this Chapter
After section 393 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:— “393A. The Central Government may, by notification, exempt any class of— (a) foreign companies; (b) companies incorporated or to be incorporated outside India, whether the company has or has not established, or when formed may or may not establish, a place of business in India, as may be specified in the notification, from any of the provisions of this Chapter and a copy of every such notification shall, as soon as may be after it is made, be laid before both Houses of Parliament.”
9 Section 58 to section 60
(both inclusive)
Section 58
Constitution of Appellate Tribunal (Sec. 410)
In section 410 of the principal Act,— (i) in the opening portion, the words “not exceeding eleven” shall be omitted; (ii) in clause (b), for the word, figures and letter “section 53N”, the word, figures and letter “section 53A” shall be substituted.Section 58

The powers of the Appellate Tribunal may be exercised by the Benches thereof to be constituted by the Chairperson: (Sec. 418A)

After section 418 of the principal Act, the following section shall be inserted, namely:—
“418A. (1) The powers of the Appellate Tribunal may be exercised by the Benches thereof to be constituted by the Chairperson: Provided that a Bench of the Appellate Tribunal
shall have at least one Judicial Member and one Technical Member. (2) The Benches of the Appellate Tribunal shall ordinarily sit at New Delhi or such other places as the Central Government may, in consultation with the Chairperson, notify: Provided that the Central Government may, by notification, after consultation with the Chairperson, establish such number of Benches of the Appellate Tribunal, as it may consider necessary, to hear appeals against any direction, decision or order referred to
in section 53A of the Competition Act, 2002 and under section 61 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.”

Section 60
Establishment of Special Courts (Sec. 435)
In section 435 of the principal Act, in sub-section (1), for the words “offences under this Act, by notification”, the words and figures “offences under this Act, except under section 452, by notification” shall be substituted.

10. Section 62 Lesser penalties for One Person Companies or small companies.
For section 446B of the principal Act, the following section shall be substituted, namely:—
‘446B. Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, if penalty
is payable for non-compliance of any of the provisions of this Act by a One Person Company, small company, start-up company or Producer Company, or by any of its officer in default, or any other person in respect of such company, then such company, its officer in default or any other person, as the case may be, shall be liable to a penalty which shall not be more than one-half of the penalty specified in such provisions subject to a maximum of two lakh
rupees in case of a company and one lakh rupees in case of an
officer who is in default or any other person, as the case may be. Explanation.—For the purposes of this section,—
(a) “Producer Company” means a company as defined in clause (l) of section 378A; (b) “start-up company” means a private company incorporated under this Act or under the Companies Act, 1956 and recognised as start-up in accordance with the notification issued by the Central Government in the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade.’
11 Section 64 Section 64
Punishment for Wrongful Withholding of Property (Sec.452)
In section 452 of the principal Act, in sub-section (2), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided that the imprisonment of such officer or employee, as the case may be, shall not be ordered for wrongful possession or withholding of a dwelling unit, if the court is satisfied that the company has not paid to that officer or employee, as the case may be, any amount relating to—
(a) provident fund, pension fund, gratuity fund or any other fund for the welfare of its officers or employees, maintained by the company; (b) compensation or liability for compensation under the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923 in respect of death or disablement.”.
12 Section 65 Section 65
Adjudication of Penalties (Sec. 454)
In section 454 of the principal Act, in sub-section (3), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:—
“Provided that in case the default relates to non-compliance of sub-section (4) of section 92 or sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) of section 137 and such default has been rectified either prior to, or within thirty days of, the issue of the notice by the adjudicating officer, no penalty shall be imposed in this regard and all proceedings under this section in respect of such default shall be deemed to be concluded.”.

2. MCA, in exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (3) of section 1 of the Companies (Amendment) Act, 2019 (22 of 2019), the Central Government hereby appoints the 22nd day of January, 2021 as the date on which the provisions of section 21 of the said Act shall come into force.

In section 105 of the principal Act, in sub-section (5),— (a) for the words “who knowingly issues the invitations as aforesaid or wilfully authorises or permits their issue shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees”, the words “who issues the invitation as aforesaid or authorises or permits their issue, shall be liable to a penalty of fifty thousand rupees” shall be substituted; (Section 105- Proxies)


Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to avoid errors or omissions in this material. In spite of this, errors may creep in. Any mistake, error or discrepancy noted may be brought to our notice which shall be taken care of in the next edition. In no event the author shall be liable for any direct, indirect, special or incidental damage resulting from or arising out of or in connection with the use of this information. The author can be contacted as [email protected]

Source
e-gazettee-gazette

CS Lalit Rajput

Company Secretary having 5 years of post-qualification experience in the Compliance Management Services industry by serving Corporates including Listed Companies, Corporate Secretarial Firms, and LLP. I have a keen interest in Corporate Governance and Compliance Management and the soaring craving to learn every day. The aim is to dive deep into the Corporate Governance sphere and help the industry with knowledge and practical exposure. Mail:- [email protected] Phone: +91 8802581290

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