Company LawArticle

MCA: New definition of (SMCs) Small and Medium companies in Accounting Standard

Ministry has issued, The Companies (Accounting Standards) Amendment, Rules 2021 passed on 23rd June 2021. These Rules came into effect on 23rd June 2021.

Short Summary:

The ministry of corporate affairs (MCA) has raised the threshold turnover and borrowing limits in its definition of small and medium companies (SMCs) to align the applicable accounting standards rules with the latest definition as per the ministry of micro, small & medium enterprises.

This would enable a wider set of companies to avail of greater flexibility in the accounting standards.

Also Like: Resolution Framework 2.0 : Resolution of Covid-19 related stress of Individuals, Small Businesses and MSMEs

OLD Definition:

Small and Medium-Sized Company (SMC) as defined in Clause 2(f) of the Companies (Accounting Standards) Rules, 2006: (f) “Small and Medium-Sized Company” (SMC) means, a company

  • whose equity or debt securities are not listed or are not in the process of listing on any stock exchange, whether in India or outside India;
  • which is not a bank, financial institution, or an insurance company;
  • whose turnover (excluding other income) does not exceed rupees fifty crores in the immediately preceding accounting year;
  • which does not have borrowings (including public deposits) in excess of rupees ten crores at any time during the immediately preceding accounting year; and
  • which is not a holding or subsidiary company of a company that is not a small and medium-sized company.

Explanation: For the purposes of clause (f), a company shall qualify as a Small and Medium-Sized Company, if the conditions mentioned therein are satisfied as at the end of the relevant accounting period

New Definition:

The 388-page notification has defined small and medium companies as :

  • whose equity or debt securities are not listed or are not in the process of listing on any stock exchange, whether in India or outside India;
  • which is not a bank, financial institution, or an insurance company;
  • whose turnover (excluding other income) does not exceed rupees Two Hundred fifty crore in the immediately preceding accounting year;
  • which does not have borrowings (including public deposits) in excess of rupees Fifty crores at any time during the immediately preceding accounting year; and
  • which is not a holding or subsidiary company of a company that is not a small and medium-sized company.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this clause, a company shall qualify as a Small and

Medium-Sized Company, if the conditions mentioned therein are satisfied as at the end of the relevant accounting period.

*SMC which is a holding company or subsidiary company of a non-SMC will not qualify as a small and medium company,

Benefits of New Definition:

  • Less complexity in application of Accounting Standard in terms of the number of required disclosures
  • To promote ease of doing business.

Applicability of New Definition:

The notification also says that an existing company that was not a small and medium company previously but became so subsequently would not be able to avail of any exemptions in accounting standards.

“It can avail of these exemptions if it continues as a small and medium company for two consecutive accounting periods.”

CONCLUSION:

The limits are in line with a similar increase in thresholds done by ICAI for non-corporate entities. The revised criteria will help a number of companies and will promote ease of doing business,

The increase in turnover and borrowing thresholds for classification into the category of SMC for certain exemptions in application and disclosure of accounting standards is a welcome step.

CS Divesh Goyal

CS Divesh Goyal is a Fellow member of ICSI, Practicing Company Secretary, and Steering Voice in the Corporate World. He is a Prop. at Goyal Divesh & Associates, Company Secretaries. He is a competent professional having enrich 6 years post qualification experience as Company Secretary with expertise in Corporate Law, FEMA, IBC, SEBI, RBI. He has written more than 600 editorials on Companies Act, 2013 to keep at pace with the latest changes and critically analyse the implications of various provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, Insolvency & Bankruptcy Code, 2016, FEMA, RBI, SEBI etc. He is a vibrant, sought after, and spellbinding speaker and has delivered more than 200 sessions on various aspects of Company Law at ICSI, ICAI, and online platforms. Apart from his passion for his work he also believes in elevating his profession and for that dream

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